Thursday, 14 December 2017
Asthma slide

The Drugs and Treatments of Occupational Asthma

The Drugs and Treatments of Occupational Asthma

The Drugs and Treatments of Occupational Asthma
The Drugs and Treatments of Occupational Asthma

   First of all, allergens that severeing the symptoms in the workplaces should be avoided. But with the length of the period of exposure to these stimulies, so just exposure to a small amount of the triggers or stimulies appear the symptoms of the attack on the person even if he was wearing a mask. The person, in this case, needs to take drugs that control the symptoms and which work to prevent of acute attacks.

   Treatment of the attack is to be either by preventing symptoms and treating the attack when they occur, “Preventive drugs that are used over the long term reduce inflammation in the airways and cause symptoms to appear. Otherwise Life Saving Drugs (which have a quick effect) that rapidly open airways that limit a person’s ability to breathe normally.

   There may also be a need to use drugs that treat allergy. “The effectiveness of the drug depends on several factors to success: age, severity of symptoms, the triggers of the attack and what is the most effective drug that contribute to improve the symptoms.

Long-term medications.

   Most of the cases need to take medicine on a daily basis, and of the types of the long-term medicines:

  • Inhaling Corticosteroid: Corticosteroids is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs to treat the asthma attack. The effect of these drugs is shown only after the use for several days or weeks to reach the peak of its effect. Unlike oral corticosteriods, spray corticosteroid is safe and has few side effects and it can be used for long term.
  • Leukotriene Modifier: Which is taken orally and helps to prevent symptoms of the attack up to 24 hours. In rare cases, these drugs may be associated with some psychological side effects of arousal, aggression, hallucinations, depression and thinking to suiciding. You should immediately consult your doctor as soon as you see any side effects.
  • Theophylline: These are oral tablets taken on a daily basis to keep the airways open (bronchodilators). This drug relaxes the muscles around the airways to make breathing easier for patient who is suffering from the attack, but it is no longer used as it was in the past.
  • Long-acting Beta Agonists: Which are inhaled to expand airways and reduce inflammation. Although they are associated with acute attack, they should be taken only with corticosteroid drugs that are also inhaled.

Quick Effect Drugs.

   It is also called life saving drugs, it is used for the quick and short-term effect of severe asthma attack (Anaphylaxis) or before exercise if recommended by the doctor, among these drugs:

  • Short-acting Beta Agonists: It is inhaled as it expands the airways to relieve symptoms of the acute attack quickly, and these drugs take effect quickly and continue for several hours.
  • Ipratropium: It is inhaled and gives a quick effect, and like other types of bronchodilators it relaxes the air passages and makes it easier for the person to breathe. That drug is widely used with emphysema and chronic bronchitis, but may sometimes be used to treat anaphylaxis.
  • Oral and Intravenous Corticosteroids: These drugs reduce the inflammation of air passages caused by the severe attack. They can cause side effects if used for long terms, so they are used only with severe attacks and for a short period of time.

Treatment of an attack of an allergic reaction:

If the symptoms of asthma appear or increase due to some sensitivity, the treatment of that sensitivity may help the patient. Among the following types of allergic treatment:

  • Omalizumab: This medicine is for people who suffer from asthma and allergic reaction. It reduces the body’s response to allergens such as vaccines, animal dander and dust mites. It used every two or four weeks.
  • Allergy Drugs: Which include oral or nasal (spray) antihistamines, anti congestion and similarly corticosteroids .. and other allergies drugs.
  • Allergy Vaccines: Every allergic person is generally injected once a week for a few months, then once a month over a period of three to five years. Over time, the immune system become less responsive to the allergens.

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